It’s not always easy for homeowners to tell when their foundation’s been damaged. That said, if an uneven slab is left untreated for too long, your home’s value can drop, along with your quality of life.
What can you do to detect an uneven slab? How can the contractors in your area help you restore your home’s value?
Types of Foundations
Contractors need to know what kind of foundation you have in your home before they can start proposing stabilizing and lifting solutions. The most common foundations found on homes today include:
- Slab Foundations – Slab foundations are made out of a cohesive array of concrete. To lay a slab foundation, construction companies first build up support beams beneath your home. Your concrete slab will rest on top of these support beams. These elements will then work together to ensure the overall longevity of your foundation.
- Basement/Crawl Space Foundations – If you don’t have a slab foundation, you may have an older sort keeping your home in one place. Basement or crawl space foundations are frequently found beneath older homes. Construction companies building homes with these foundations must first dig out a crawl space or basement beneath the home. Then they’ll pour the footings and floor to help create a basement or crawl space. Afterward, all they’ll need to construct the space’s walls and install additional supports as necessary.
But why does your foundation’s type matter? Consider this: When contractors know what kind of foundation they’re working with, it’s easier for them to know what repair solutions will work best. If you know what kind of foundation you have supporting your home, you’ll be able to avoid committing to a stabilization or lifting solution that doesn’t suit your home.
Uneven Slabs: What To Look For
Before you can commit to a repair solution, you’ll need to know whether or not your foundation’s uneven. Some of the signs of a sinking foundation include:
- Sagging floors
- Doors jamming
- Cracks in your floor
- Wall cracks
- Stuck windows
Unfortunately, many of these symptoms also indicate foundation damage. Telling the difference between a sinking slab and a crack or a leak requires a professional’s eye. That’s where the contractors working in Charlotte, NC, come in handy. These contractors will be able to inspect your home and provide you with a free quote on potential services, should your slab have sunk or otherwise been damaged.
Lifting A Home: Your Potential Solutions
So your slab is unlevel and you want to reach out for professional help. What kind of remedies can contractors use to reinforce your home?
As mentioned previously, the solutions a contractor will be able to use to lift your slab will vary based on the type of foundation you have. It’s more likely than not, however, that a contractor will recommend some type of piering.
Foundation piers work like the columns of old did, but better. These piers will permanently stabilize your foundation back and can lift it into place and be kept out of sight underneath your home. Some will also prevent additional movement in the future, should the soil around your home be unstable.
What, though, are the most common types of piers used to lift a slab? Your lifting options will most likely include:
- Push Piers: Push piers are among the most common piers used to move a slab back into its original position. When installing these piers, contractors will take sections of galvanized steel tubes and drive them into sturdy soil. Afterward, they’ll connect these tubes to foundation brackets on the footing of your home.
- Helical Piers: If some of the lighter areas around your home have started to sink, contractors will likely recommend a helical pier. These piers are shaped likely a traditional screw and are, as such, screwed into the ground beneath your home.
- Slab Piers: Slab piers, as you might expect, work almost exclusively with slab foundations. A slab pier will offer your foundation the support it needs to stay in place, regardless of what forces may have caused it to sink in the first place.
Alternatively, contractors may also recommend that you use PolyRenewal injections to stabilize areas of your home such as basement or garage floors, and exterior sidewalks, porches, patios, and more. These injections distribute expanding foam beneath your concrete. That foam, in turn, lifts your concrete slab back into place while also creating a water-resistant barrier between the soil and your slab.
Are you ready to take back your home? The professionals working in Charlotte, NC, will help you find the best place to start.