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Basement Drains 101: Why Do I Need Them?

Every responsible homeowner wants to keep their basement dry. Luckily, with basement drains, you can prevent water damage from occurring and harming your home.

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Dealing with a flooded basement is not just about removing excess water.  Unfortunately, due to flooding, humidity levels will have surely increased, so look for signs of mold and wood rot when inspecting your basement. What is even worse, dark and moist places are ideal homes for various pests. 

So, how can you ensure that your basement won’t end up flooded? Various basement drains can help you avoid this problem. In this post, we will address these fixtures and talk about their pros and cons. 

basement drainage installation

Exterior Drain Tiles 

Have you decided to build a new home for you and your family in Columbia, SC? If so, remember to install an exterior drain tile while your basement is still under construction. This drainage system will run next to your foundation’s perimeter and collect any groundwater saturating the soil. When rainwater enters the pipe, it will be directed away from your property where it cannot cause any damage. This pipe is flexible and perforated so it can easily collect excess water. After placing the pipe in a trench at the bottom of the wall a specialist will also place gravel around and above it. This gravel will keep dirt from entering the drain. 

An exterior drain will collect the water that accumulated at the bottom of the foundation walls and direct it to a sump pit. This way, all that water won’t infiltrate your basement walls and end up in your home. Unfortunately, the problem with the exterior drainpipe is that its installation requires a lot of excavation unless your home is still in the construction phase. All that digging will surely destroy your landscaping and probably your pavement or your patio.  

In addition, exterior drain tiles are prone to clogs, since they are located below ground. That means that they can easily malfunction and you could end up with a flooded basement. 

Interior French Drains 

If water often seeps through the walls and floods your basement, installing interior French drains is the best option. This system works in a similar way as the exterior drainage system but has a lot more advantages. 

It is also made of a perforated pipe that collects excess water and directs it toward the sump pit. However, it is not installed outside of your home but inside of your basement. If your basement is unfinished and you use it only for storing things, the drains are left open. However, if you have converted your basement into a living space, they are covered with a grate. Interior French drains are a much more affordable solution since they do not require any excavation and can be installed in just one day. In addition, they won’t disrupt your landscaping in any way. 

An interior drain is most commonly installed along the perimeter of the basement walls. It directs water toward the sump pump that pumps the water out and directs it away from your home. Since the BasementGutter™ French Drain System features a customizable design, it can be modified to fit any basement. It is installed below the basement floor so it is barely noticeable once in place. Since it doesn’t sit in the dirt, it is not prone to clogging. 

Floor Drains 

Installing floor drains is also a good option if your home is still under construction. A floor drain is commonly installed in the utility area and its job is to drain away any excess water that ends up in the basement. When the concrete floor is made, contractors make sure that it is slightly sloped towards the floor drain. That way gravity will lead the excess water into the drain. 

A floor drain can be a lifesaver when a broken heater or a dripping condensation line starts to fill your basement with water. The good news is that nowadays installing a floor drain is considered a standard in construction, so you don’t have to worry about new expenses. 

On the other hand, if you have already moved into your home, installing a new floor drain can be a problem. This is mostly because of the mentioned slope that leads the water toward the drain. Since floors without a drain are level, installing a new drain won’t have any effect. When water starts to build up in your basement, it will just stand in one place and will not flow toward your new drain. 

It is safe to say that no one wants to deal with a flooded basement. It is exhausting, time-consuming, and daunting. Luckily, there are ways to keep your basement safe from water damage. With these drains, you won’t have to worry about flooding issues ever again. 

If you wish to learn more about basement drains or other waterproofing methods that can help keep your home protected against water damage, please contact Mount Valley Foundation Services and schedule a free inspection and quote. Our expert will come to your home, inspect your basement, and recommend suitable solutions that will keep your home dry. With Mount Valley Foundation Services, you can be at ease knowing that your basement has the highest level of protection

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